Chloroquine toxicity eye

Discussion in 'Hydroxychloroquine 200 Mg Tab' started by Presto, 17-Mar-2020.

  1. dsite Well-Known Member

    Chloroquine toxicity eye


    Although their therapeutic and toxic doses differ, they are related drugs with similar clinical indications for use and similar manifestations of retinal toxicity. The image below depicts hydroxychloroquine retinopathy. Fluorescein angiogram of left macula in patient with hydroxychloroquine retinopathy.

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    Hydroxychloroquine can cause irreversible retinal toxicity, resulting in bilateral bull’s eye retinopathy, but is regarded as less toxic to the retina than chloroquine and it does not cause the corneal deposits seen with chloroquine therapy. Disease Entity. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil and chloroquine cause ocular toxicity to various parts of the eye such as the cornea, ciliary body, and retina. Chloroquine can also induce cataract formation; however, no reports of hydroxychloroquine and cataract have been reported. On examination, a telltale sign of hydroxychloroquine toxicity is a bilateral change in the retinal pigment epithelium of the macula that gives the commonly described appearance of a bull’s-eye. This is a late finding, however, and too late for screening to be useful.

    Retinopathy may be asymptomatic or may cause central or paracentral scotomas leading to difficulty reading or performing fine visual tasks (due to parafoveal metamorphopsia). Reprinted from American Journal of Ophthalmology, Vol 104, Johnson and Vine, Hydroxychloroquine therapy in massive total doses without retinal toxicity, pages 139-144, Copyright 1987, with permission from Elsevier Science.

    Chloroquine toxicity eye

    Conditions Plaquenil-related Eye Problems Eugene Eye Care, Hydroxychloroquine toxicity - EyeWiki

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  5. Chloroquine-induced retinal toxicity was first described in 1959 and the retinal toxic effects of hydroxychloroquine were later described in 1967 3, 4. Hydroxychloroquine has significantly less retinal toxicity and has largely replaced chloroquine as a treatment of inflammatory disease.

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    One of the most significant side effects of the drug is its possibility of causing eye problems resulting in blurred or decreased vision. The most common issue is damage to the retina. It can impair your color vision or damage the retinal cells particularly in the area right around the central vision. Although the incidence of macular toxicity is infrequent with Plaquenil use at a dosage of 200mg or 400mg q.d. its visual impact can be devastating. 2,3. The associated classic retinal toxicity is described as a bull’s eye maculopathy ring of depigmented retinal pigment epithelium that spares the foveal area. My mother was diagnosed with Plaquenil Toxicity in 2007 she first noticed changes in 2006, although being followed by her eye doctor they failed to notice this as Plaquenil TX until it was to late. After the medicine was Discontinued she continued to have more and more visual changes for the worse and still is declining in her vision.

     
  6. Klingon Well-Known Member

    Hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil) is considered a disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug (DMARD). Plaquenil Hydroxychloroquine - Side Effects, Dosage. Hydroxychloroquine Reviews Everyday Health Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil
     
  7. theo User

    Plaquenil - FDA prescribing information, side effects and uses Jan 01, 2020 Plaquenil hydroxychloroquine sulfate tablets contain 200 mg hydroxychloroquine sulfate, equivalent to 155 mg base, and are for oral administration.

    RA and Hydroxychloroquine How Effective is it for.