The signs and symptoms of prostate cancer may include frequent urination, urgency, or a need to urinate during the night. Men may also notice that they have difficulty starting to urinate as well as a decreased force of urination. Less common symptoms can include finding blood in the urine or semen, or the sudden onset of erectile dysfunction. Symptoms may also occur due to complications of prostate cancer, such as back and hip pain if cancer spreads to bones. While today, most men are diagnosed with prostate cancer before they begin to have symptoms (via PSA screening and digital rectal exams), it's important to be familiar with the possible signs of the disease. This is especially important for men who have not undergone screening or are young and have not yet been screened. Symptoms of prostate cancer are largely related to the anatomy of the prostate. If a person has signs and symptoms that might be caused by pancreatic cancer, certain exams and tests will be done to find the cause. If cancer is found, more tests will be done to help determine the extent (stage) of the cancer. Your doctor will ask about your medical history to learn more about your symptoms. The doctor might also ask about possible risk factors, including your family history. Your doctor will also examine you to look for signs of pancreatic cancer or other health problems. Pancreatic cancers can sometimes cause the liver or gallbladder to swell, which the doctor might be able to feel during the exam. Your skin and the whites of your eyes will also be checked for jaundice (yellowing). If the results of the exam are abnormal, your doctor will probably order tests to help find the problem.
Treatment of bladder cancer depends on the stage of the cancer. Treatment options include different types of surgery transurethral resection, radical and partial cystectomy, and urinary diversion, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy. Inexplicably, the FDA has dragged its feet about adding a warning label to both tamoxefin and the antidepressants, Paxil, Prozac and Zoloft--despitethe unanimous.