Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) can pose unique risks for someone who’s pregnant. Pregnant women should be especially careful to protect themselves against STDs during pregnancy. It’s important that all pregnant women get screened for STDs in their first trimester, along with other prenatal screening. This can ensure that there was no infection prior to getting pregnant. During pregnancy, it’s possible to transmit the infection to the developing child. In the case of chlamydia, it may cause inflammation of the eyes and pneumonia in newborns. The earlier the diagnosis, the sooner treatment can start to ensure the infection won’t be transmitted to the baby or complications don’t arise. Although anyone can contract an STD, there are some factors that put you at higher risk. When you’re pregnant and come down with an illness, you’re likely worrying about how the infection could affect your baby. As if that’s not enough, a large study out of the Université de Montréal warns that there are concerns around some of the antibiotics you may need to get better. Researchers found that many antibiotics used to treat infections are associated with an increased risk of miscarriage when taken in early pregnancy. The study, which was published in the showed the antibiotics azithromycin, clarithromycin, metronidazole as well as whole classes of antibiotics (sulfonamides, tetracyclines and quinolines) increased the risk of miscarriage when taken before the 20th week of pregnancy. Depending on the drug, the miscarriage risk increased by 65 percent to more than double. The problematic antibiotics are used to treat STIs, skin infections, respiratory infections and more. In fact, those that are most often prescribed to treat infections in pregnant women—penicillins and cephalosporins—were not associated with a higher miscarriage rate. This is not the first study to link antibiotics during pregnancy to miscarriage, but the evidence so far has been mixed.
Relatively few studies have been conducted to determine the fetal safety of azithromycin use in pregnancy. Moreover, in existing published. Advice and warnings for the use of Azithromycin during pregnancy. FDA Pregnancy Category B - No proven risk in humans.