Steroids are hormonal substances that are produced naturally in the body by the adrenal glands (which are just above each kidney) and by the reproductive organs. There are many different types of steroids and they have different effects on the body. These are different to the anabolic steroids used by athletes to enhance their performance. , dexamethasone, fludrocortisone, and occasionally methylprednisolone. Steroids are usually given by mouth in the form of tablets or soluble tablets. They may also be given into a vein (intravenously or IV) through a cannula, central venous catheter or implantable port. If your child is given a short course of steroids, they are unlikely to suffer many side effects. These effects are temporary and will stop when the course of steroids has finished. You may notice that your child becomes irritable and has mood swings. Prednisone is also used to treat children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA), acute leukemia, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, adrenocortical insufficiency, and nephrotic syndrome. It is also indicated for a variety of other endocrine, collagen, dermatologic, allergic, ophthalmic, respiratory, hematologic, neoplastic, edematous, gastrointestinal, and nervous system disorders. There is confusion between prednisone and the anabolic steroids used by bodybuilders. But, after the discovery of antibiotics, prednisone may be one of the more important types of medicines ever discovered. The most common side effects of taking prednisone include muscle weakness, osteoporosis, fractures, Cushing's syndrome, pituitary-adrenal axis suppression, growth suppression, glucose intolerance, acne, edema, hypertension, hypokalemia, alkalosis, cataracts, glaucoma, peptic ulcer, nausea, vomiting, headache, vertigo, seizures, psychoses, pseudotumor cerebri, and skin atrophy. Some kids also develop mood swings, become irritable, and have trouble sleeping when they take prednisone. Most side effects, especially growth suppression, edema, and immune system problems are going to be worse with long-term use of prednisone and less likely with the short term course that most children take for typical asthma attacks or for relief from poison ivy, etc. Although one of the more useful medicines in pediatrics, especially when you see the dramatic effects prednisone has on a child with a severe asthma attack, steroids can have serious side effects when overused or misused and they should only be prescribed when it is really necessary.
Although it has been shown that there is considerably less adrenal suppression following a single morning dose of prednisolone. In such children or. Your child's face may appear more chubby than usual, particularly after long-term steroid treatment. If the weight gain has been considerable, your child may.