Oral route(Tablet; Solution) Antidepressants increased the risk of suicidal thinking and behavior in children, adolescents, and young adults with major depressive disorder (MDD) and other psychiatric disorders in short-term studies. Short-term studies did not show an increase in the risk of suicidality with antidepressants compared with placebo in adults beyond age 24, and there was a reduction in risk with antidepressants compared with placebo in adults aged 65 or older. Monitor patients closely for clinical worsening, suicidality, or unusual changes in behavior. Families and caregivers should be advised of the need for close observation and communication with the prescriber. Not approved for use in pediatric patients less than 12 years of age . Therapeutic Class: Antidepressant Pharmacologic Class: Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor Escitalopram is used to treat depression and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). It is an antidepressant that belongs to a group of medicines known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). These medicines work by increasing the activity of the chemical serotonin in the brain. Yet, not everyone who takes the drug will have problems. When side effects do occur, in most cases they are minor and either require no treatment or can be easily treated by you or your healthcare provider. Lexapro has been studied thoroughly in clinical trials. In these studies, side effects occurring in a group of people taking the drug are documented and compared to those that occur in another group not taking the medicine. This way, it is possible to see what side effects occur, how often they appear, and how they compare to the group not taking the medicine. This site does not dispense medical advice or advice of any kind. Site users seeking medical advice about their specific situation should consult with their own physician. Click In order for us to create your customized Health Savvy programs, we need a little more information about the health topic(s) that you are interested in. Press "Continue" button below to begin selecting your Health Savvy topic(s). Remember, you need at least one selected topic to use Health Savvy.
A newer type of antidepressant medication was introduced into the U. Primarily they assist the brain in maintaining enough supply of the neurotransmitter serotonin. These drugs offer a different chemical structure than the cyclic antidepressants and therefore produce different effects on the brain. For instance, researchers associate a deficiency of serotonin with depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder and implicate it in panic disorder and other psychological problems. These medications are called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, abbreviated SSRIs. SSRIs can be helpful for depression, panic disorder, social anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder, generalized anxiety and PTSD. They are well tolerated medications that are safe for medically ill or frail patients and safe in overdose. It takes four to six weeks to notice significant therapeutic benefits from the SSRIs. Patients often experience a temporary worsening of anxiety symptoms during the first two weeks of treatment. There are no withdrawal effects unless the patient stops them abruptly, and no dependency develops. Abrupt discontinuation of the SSRIs could cause flu-like symptoms. SSRIs cause sexual problems more than other antidepressants or benzodiazopines. Nervousness and tremors, sweating, nausea, anxiety, diarrhea, difficulty falling asleep or frequent awakenings, difficulty achieving orgasm, decreased libido, headache, loss of appetite, postural hypotension, drowsiness or fatigue, upset stomach. Prozac comes in 10 and 20 mg capsules and liquid oral solution that the patient usually takes in the morning. In fact, this may be their principle limitation, occurring in as many as 35 to 40% of patients. It is best to be off of Prozac for two menstrual cycles prior to attempting pregnancy. If you have a side effect of upset stomach, take it with food. Please note: This article was published more than one year ago. The facts and conclusions presented may have since changed and may no longer be accurate. Questions about personal health should always be referred to a physician or other health care professional. 22, 2018 (Health Day News) -- Antidepressant drugs actually do help ease depression, countering debate over whether the medications do what they're supposed to, a large research review has found. Some antidepressants, though, are more effective and better tolerated than others, the findings showed. The researchers analyzed data from 522 trials -- published and unpublished -- that included more than 116,000 participants. Of the 21 antidepressants studied, all of them worked better than a placebo."In the short-term, for acute depression, antidepressants seem to work modestly," said study author Dr. He's a professor of disease prevention at Stanford University in California. "They do have some benefit, on average, but they are not a panacea. Clearly, we need more effective interventions."Antidepressants sold in the United States that the study found to be most effective included: The study authors wrote that there's been "a long-lasting debate and concern about [antidepressants'] efficacy and effectiveness, because short-term benefits are, on average, modest and because long-term balance of benefits and harms is often understudied."However, Dr.
Curr Med Res Opin. 2007 Feb;232245-50. Escitalopram versus sertraline in the treatment of major depressive disorder a randomized clinical trial. Ventura. Following the zoloft zoloft 25 mg 12-week escitalopram treatment zoloft. scores after the 12 weeks of escitalopram treatment versus pre-treatment baseline.